- Pastoral Epistles
- The three letters of the NT placed after 1 and 2 Thess. Since 1726, when Paul Anton called the two NT letters to Timothy and that to Titus ‘Pastoral Epistles’, the name has stuck. It is appropriate on account of the concern they exhibit for a certain number of pastoral situations in the Church. There is a threat of persecution (2 Tim. 4:6–8) and of apostasy by Christians (2 Tim. 4:10), yet Christians are urged to be law-abiding citizens (Tit. 3:1). There is no call for revolution. Within the Church the author is worried by heretical tendencies of a Gnostic [[➝ Gnosticism]] character, which obliged him to insist on the goodness of God's creation (1 Tim. 4:4) and the genuine humanity of Christ (1 Tim. 3:16).The three epistles' claim to be written by Paul has been much disputed in NT scholarship for about 200 years, but the traditional view, mentioned by Irenaeus at the end of the 2nd cent., still has a few supporters. Maintaining Pauline authorship has to contend not only with the epistles' refutation of Gnosticism—which marks them as later than Paul's generation—but also with the difficulty that the organization of the ministry reflects an era later than Paul's. Style and vocabulary are also said to be uncharacteristic of Paul, though some differences could be explained either by Paul's use of a secretary or by the sheer versatility of the man.The balance of evidence is that the Pastorals are pseudonymous, though fragments of Paul's own letters may have been incorporated, e.g. 2 Tim. 4:9–18. A suggested date for the composition of the epistles would place them about 130 CE, since they are probably known to Polycarp (in about 135 CE), but a date near the end of the 1st cent. is also possible in that the kind of church order in the epistles reflects that of 1 Clement (95 CE). A tentative suggestion for their place of composition would be Ephesus, where Timothy is said to reside (1 Tim. 1:3).The epistles could be fairly described as a manual for the management of the household of God. They reflect the structures and authority of an ordered society and the ethics of the surrounding Graeco-Roman world; women are regarded as subordinate (Tit. 2:5), but on the basis of ‘the word of God’.
Dictionary of the Bible.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pastoral epistles — The three pastoral epistles are books of the canonical New Testament: the First Epistle to Timothy ( 1 Timothy ) the Second Epistle to Timothy ( 2 Timothy ), and the Epistle to Titus . They are presented as letters from Paul of Tarsus to Timothy… … Wikipedia
Pastoral Epistles — the New Testament books of I and II Timothy and Titus that stress pastoral and ecclesiastical concerns. * * * … Universalium
Pastoral Epistles — the New Testament books of I and II Timothy and Titus that stress pastoral and ecclesiastical concerns … Useful english dictionary
pastoral epistles — Пастырские послания … Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов
Pastoral Epistles (Timothy and Titus) — • Disciples of St. Paul Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Epistles to Timothy and Titus — Epistles to Timothy and Titus † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Epistles to Timothy and Titus (THE PASTORALS) STS. TIMOTHY AND TITUS Saints Timothy and Titus were two of the most beloved and trusted disciples of St. Paul, whom they… … Catholic encyclopedia
Epistles — The word epistle is from the Greek word epistolos which means a written letter addressed to a recipient or recipients, perhaps part of exchanged correspondence. Nowadays this term is usually used in connection with a specific group of books in… … Wikipedia
Epistles — The apostolic letters. The New Testament contains twenty one in all. They are divided into two classes. 1) Paul s Epistles, fourteen in number, including Hebrews. These are not arranged in the New Testament in the order of time as to their… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Pastoral Theology — • The science of the care of souls Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Pastoral Theology Pastoral Theology † … Catholic encyclopedia
Epistles of Fredman — (Swedish: Fredmans epistlar) is a collection of poems and songs by 18th century author Carl Michael Bellman. It contains 82 works created over a period of twenty years. Many of the songs have remained culturally significant in Scandinavia,… … Wikipedia